Spinal Compression Fractures
A compression fracture is caused due to loss or damage of bone mass due to aging or osteoporosis. A simple cough, sneeze or fall and lifting heavy objects can be the reason for spinal compression fracture. It is a painful condition that has symptoms like back pain, hunch in the posture, reduced height and pain in the arms and legs. The fracture will take time to heal.
You may be required to avoid activities like sports, exercise, bending, lifting, twisting until the fracture heals. Walking can improve the circulatory system that helps alleviate the symptoms. Majority of fractures will heal with reduced activity, pain medication and medication to increase bone density. A back brace will help minimize motion of the affected area during treatment. People can return to daily activity after the treatment. A few people with serious symptoms may require further treatment that can be a surgical procedure. The Best spine neurosurgeons in Chennai offer some of the best surgical and non surgical treatment for spine compression fracture.
Different Non-Surgical Treatment
If you can manage the prevailing condition, spinal compression fractures can be allowed to heal naturally. This may take about three months. With good pain medications, the pain mostly improves in a matter of days. Doctors may prescribe analgesic pain medicines and a combination of different medication that can relieve bone on bone, nerve pain and muscle. Acetaminophen and nonsteroidal drugs are pain relievers that can be bought over the counter.
Prolonged inactivity may have adverse effects but doctors may suggest bed rest for a few days. Wearing a back brace can limit the motion of fractured vertebrae and the spine. This will help reduce pain. Braces have to be inconvenient to be more effective. Elastic braces and corsets are comfortable to wear but may not work as intended. Excessive use of braces may result in weakening or loss of muscle. Bone strengthening drugs like bisphosphonate restore bone loss and stabilizes the bone to prevent further fractures.
Different Surgical Treatment
Surgical treatments are recommended when the severity of the symptoms do not reduce even after non surgical therapies. Surgical procedures include vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty, and spinal fusion surgery. These procedures use minimally invasive procedures and acrylic bone cement quickly hardens. It is quick, effective and requires short hospital stay. Vertebroplasty is most effective for relieving pain. This procedure helps stabilize fractures and the patient can go home the same day.
Kyphoplasty helps correct the bone deformity and relieves pain caused by spinal compression fracture. Patients show quick recovery and perform well in their daily activities. The procedure includes inserting a thin tube with a balloon at the tip. The balloon is deflated and removed and bone cement is injected. The cement hardens in 10 minutes. For conditions where one needs to eliminate motion between the two vertebrae, spinal fusion surgery is performed. It also relieves pain. The procedure connects two vertebrae in the correct position and avoids any movement until they grow or fuse together.
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